IELTS Reading 12 - Passage 2

IELTS Reading Tip

In the IELTS Reading test, there might be words you don't understand, but don't worry. Try looking at the surrounding words to get an understanding of the context. You can sometimes work out what the word might mean.

Remember, you can often answer the question without understanding every word.

Questions 14-22

Complete the summary below using ONE WORD ONLY from the box for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 14-22 on your answer sheet.

cost
more
later
health
falling
earlier
disabled
nutrition
education
constant
medicine
pollution
technology
increasing
independent
environmental
undernourished

Research carried out by scientists in the United States has shown that the proportion of people over 65 suffering from the most common age-related medical problems is and that the speed of this change is . It also seems that these diseases are affecting people in life than they did in the past, This is largely due to developments in , but other factors such as improved may also be playing a part. Increases in some other illnesses may be due to changes in personal habits and to The research establishes a link between levels of and life expectancy. It also shows the there has been a considerable reduction in the number of elderly people who are , which means that the involved in supporting this section of the population may be less than previously predicted.

Questions 23-26

Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A-H, below.

Write the correct letter, A-H, in boxes 23-26 on your answer sheet.

A may cause heart disease.
B can be helped by hormone treatment.
C may cause rises in levels of stress hormones.
D have cost the United States government more than $200 billion.
E may help prevent mental decline.
F may get stronger at night.
G allow old people to be more independent.
H can reduce stress in difficult situations.

23Home medical aids 

24Regular amounts or exercise 

25Feelings of control over life 

26Feelings of loneliness 

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