IELTS Listening Exercise #3
1. BC is used in the Christian calendar to refer to the time before the
birth of Jesus Christ.
2. AD is used to refer to the time after Christ was born.
3. Circa is used to mean about or approximately and is sometimes written simply c.
4. We do not use an apostrophe to talk about decades: the 1970s NOT the 1970’s.
You will hear a radio program about the Iron Age and La Téne Art. First you have some time to look at Questions 1-5.
Now Listen carefully and answer Questions 1 to 5:
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
The Iron Age and La Téne Art
1The La Téne style of Celtic art was named after a site in .
2The style was influenced heavily by designs of classical art of the world.
3The La Téne Art showed a particular preference for the use of in designs that were often laid out using a .
4In Ireland, decoration in the La Téne style is applied to , stonework and .
5During the 3rd century BC, Irish metalsmiths had mastered the techniques of tools and weapons of iron.
During the 3rd century BC, an art style appeared in Ireland that had been developed centuries earlier by Celtic peoples in central Europe. It is known as the La Téne style, after the site in Switzerland where objects decorated in the style were found. The style was influenced heavily by vegetable and floral designs of classical art of the Mediterranean world. However, unlike classical designs which were naturalistic, La Téne Art developed a more abstract version that showed a particular preference for the use of curved lines. These were used in designs that were often laid out using a compass.
In Ireland, La Téne ornament continued to be an important component of the Christian art of the early medieval period, used to decorate fine metalwork, stonework and manuscripts. By the time La Téne Art appeared in Ireland during the 3rd century BC, metalsmiths had mastered the techniques of smelting and forging tools and weapons of iron. This period up to the introduction of Christianity, in the 5th century AD, is referred to as the Iron Age.